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Naked Call

Definition

A naked call occurs when a speculator writes a call option on a security without ownership of that security. It is one of the riskiest options strategies because it carries unlimited risk as opposed to a naked put, where the maximum loss occurs if the stock falls to zero. A naked call is the opposite of a covered call.

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Last Sourced: 2017-08-01
This Article has been Edited for Accessibility

Naked call

A naked call occurs when a speculator writes (sells) a call option on a security without ownership of that security. It is one of the riskiest options strategies because it carries unlimited risk as opposed to a naked put, where the maximum loss occurs if the stock falls to zero. A naked call is the opposite of a covered call.

The buyer of a call option has the right to buy a specific number of shares from the call option seller at a strike price at an expiration date (European Option). Since a naked call seller does not have the stock in case the option buyer decides to exercise the option, the seller has to buy stock at the open market in order to deliver it at the strike price. Since the share price has no limit to how far it can rise, the naked call seller is exposed to unlimited risk.

Speculators who have an appetite for risk might buy a call option when they believe the price of the stock will go up and they do not have the cash available to pay for the stock at its current price. A disadvantage of the call option is that it eventually expires.

Speculators may sell a "naked call" option if they believe the price of the stock will decline or be stagnant. The risk of selling the call option is that risk is unlimited if the price of the stock goes up.


Additional Resources

  1. Citation [search.library.wisc.edu]
  2. Library Resource Finder: Location & Availability For: Naked Economics ... [vufind.carli.illinois.edu]
  3. 'naked Economics' Author Charlie Wheelan To Present Hughes ... [news-releases.uiowa.edu]
  4. Put And Call Options [pages.hmc.edu]
  5. Naked Economics : Undressing The Dismal Science [iucat.iu.edu]